Type 2 Diabetes – What Is Insulin Resistance?

When you start getting information on Type 2 Diabetes you will frequently hear the term insulin resistance bandied about. What exactly does that term mean? This medical term refers to the decreased ability of some body cells to use insulin to convert blood glucose into glycogen. In a normal healthy situation, the human body turns the carbohydrates into glucose in the digestion process. That glucose travels through the body until a cell picks it up. The cell needs to turn the glucose into a form of energy it can burn, namely glycogen. That is where insulin comes in. The cell grabs insulin out of the blood and uses it to turn glucose into glycogen.


When insulin resistance develops, the cells of the body seem to ignore the insulin in the bloodglucose. Once the insulin levels drop, the amount of glucose begins to climb. That is when a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is likely. stream. They continue to send signals that they need the insulin. In response, the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas start overproducing insulin. This will help lower levels of glucose for the short term. However, over a long time period, an over production of insulin can have dire results. One is that the islets of Langerhans cannot keep up the pace of overproduction. This is likely from damage due to the overproduction of insulin or from the overconcentration of


Who is likely to develop insulin resistance? Excess weight and a sedentary lifestyle are major factors in developing this resistance. Genetics may also be a part of the picture as well. But, don’t be comforted if nobody in your family has Diabetes 2. Anyone, despite a clean family history, can develop type 2 diabetes if they carry too much weight or do not exercise enough. Insulin resistance develops without looking into your genetic history or familial background. In the past, this resistance developed more in older age. It is unfortunate that many more people are receiving a diagnosis of Diabetes 2 at younger ages. The most alarming is in children and teens.


Insulin resistance is reversible in many people before type 2 diabetes develops. It means making the right changes early enough to count. Exercise has a direct link with diminishing the condition. The greater you undertake exercise the less insulin resistance is likely to develop. Losing weight also helps reduce the resistance. These changes are the same pre-diabetics and diabetics need to make. They are smart ones for just about anyone else as well.


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This post was written by admin on June 18, 2010

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