What Is Diabetes? – A Brief Summary

There are three main types of diabetes that people are thinking of when they ask, “What is diabetes?” These types of diabetes are the most common forms found in the United States and affect a majority of individuals at some time in their life.

In the United States, about 5-10% of children and young adults are found to have Type 1 diabetes yearly. It is the result of an auto-immune disease. When the immune system attacks the beta cells that produce insulin in the pancreas and kills them, the pancreas can not produce insulin. This results in no insulin being produced for the body.

The symptoms for this diabetes are rapid and extreme. A person will have extreme hunger, fatigue, thirst, frequent urination, weight loss and blurred vision. If no medical intervention is provided the person can go into a diabetic coma. Type 1 diabetes can be a life-threatening condition and is very serious if it is not diagnosed and treated quickly.

The National Institute of Health has found that 95% of the adults in the United State who are over age thirty-five suffer from Type 2 diabetes. One reason for this is that 80% of the people who have Type 2 diabetes are overweight. A person with this type of diabetes is not getting insulin because their cells have become resistant to it.

The causes for this type of diabetes include some ethnicity’s, age, genetics, lack of exercise, high blood pressure, obesity, and high cholesterol. An individual that does not have a proper diet and exercise are susceptible to type 2 diabetes. Studies have shown that unhealthy eating habits are the greatest cause for Type 2 diabetes.

The symptoms for Type 2 diabetes are gradual and include fatigue, blurred vision, increased thirst and hunger, frequent urination, and slow healing of wounds and sores.

Changing one’s lifestyle with proper diet and exercise often resolve Type 2 diabetes. Most people who resolve their Type 2 diabetes in this way do not need further medical intervention. But, some cases of Type 2 diabetes are not resolved even with a change in lifestyle and medication is required.

Gestational diabetes occurs in three to eight percent of women in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy and disappears after the delivery of the baby. In most cases these women will be instructed on proper diet and exercise to keep the diabetes under control during pregnancy.

Most women who have gestational diabetes with a baby, will continue to develop the condition each time they get pregnant. There is about a forty percent risk that they will develop Type 2 diabetes later in life.

Outlook: Some diabetes statistics.

Posted under Miscellaneous Content

This post was written by admin on February 24, 2010

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